Crisis Decade (1850 – 1860)

…e cane fields of Cuba. Atlantic Docks and Basin. ca. 1870. Brooklyn photograph and illustration collection. V1973.5.856. Brooklyn Historical Society. Teacher’s Manual Section 4: Lesson 13 Brooklyn – the “walled city.” By 1840, Manhattan’s waterfront warehouses had become overcrowded and expensive. Developer Daniel Richards turned his sights to Brooklyn. The result was the Atlantic Docks which transformed Red Hook’s marshland into an industrial wa…

Abolitionist Biographies

…slavery petition drives. They financed the abolitionist newspaper the Emancipator and Oberlin College. In 1840, they broke with Garrison and the AA-SS over the issue of women serving on its Executive Committee and formed the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Lewis founded Chatham Street Chapel in Manhattan, which had a mixed congregation. The church and his home in Manhattan were attacked during the Anti-Abolition Riots in 1834. Years la…

Abolitionist Brooklyn (1828 – 1849)

…lition riots flared across Manhattan. In response, a number of white abolitionists relocated to Brooklyn, where they joined a thriving anti-slavery movement led by black Brooklynites for over two decades. The Panic of 1837 led to a decade-long economic depression that ended Brooklyn’s rapid growth. Reduced property prices enticed black New Yorkers to buy land. In doing so they confronted an 1821 amendment to New York State’s constitution which in…

Games

…r Refinery Havemeyer,Townsend & Co. Sugar Refinery opened on the Williamsburg Waterfront in 1856. Sugar was the largest luxury commodity to emerge from Brooklyn that relied on the labor of enslaved people. Freeman Murrows Freeman Murrows, an inventor, secured a patent for his “adjustable brush” for whitewashing and painting varnish in 1854. He is one of Brooklyn’s many African- American business owners that had to overcome many social, politi…